Motorcycle Parts and Their Functions: Chassis, Engine and More

Motorcycles are one of the common means of transportation because of their convenience and speed. They have also become a popular choice for off-roading and adventurous expeditions. However, when it comes to the anatomy of a motorcycle, awareness is very limited. To cater to this, we have put together a guide on main motorcycle parts and their functions to guide you.

Main Parts Of A Motorcycle 

Although there are different types of motorcycles, the main parts remain the same. Here is a rundown of the anatomy of the motorcycle that affects its performance and functionality.


A chassis is a mainframe on which clickbet88 bola motorcycle components such as suspension, wheels and brakes are mounted. Welded steel, aluminium or their alloys make the chassis lightweight and provide the necessary rigidity. There are different motorcycle frames which vary based on performance, strength and stability parameters.


The main function of the engine is to power the bike. There are two types of engines for motorcycles: two-stroke and four-stroke. The combustion chamber controls the ignition of the air-fuel mixture which powers the rear axle. A clutch then transfers the power from the engine to the suspension and rear axle. Moreover, inline-two cylinders, inline-four cylinders and V twin are some other types of engines used in motorcycles.


The suspension of a motorbike ensures prevention from bumps and vibrations on the road. It consists of two main components: a spring and a damper. These components absorb the impact and maintain the stability of the vehicle.

A motorcycle has a front fork suspension and a rear suspension. The front fork suspension consists of a pair of fork tubes and the rear consists of a swingarm and shock absorbers. The front wheel of the motorcycle is connected to the axle by the front fork. It allows the rotation and steering of the front wheel.


A motorcycle consists of the following controls:

Throttle: It increases or decreases the speed of the motorcycle depending on the direction of the lever.

Brake Lever: A motorcycle has a single brake lever. The front brakes are controlled by the front levers while a pedal controls the rear brakes.

Clutch Lever: Pulling a clutch lever disengages the power to the rear wheel and releasing it returns the power to the back wheel. A clutch lever is located at the right-hand side of a motorcycle, adjacent to the brake lever. It is an important component and must be checked when test riding a motorcycle.

Gear Changer: Gear changing involves the use of a clutch handle and foot pedal. Its purpose is to speed up or stall the vehicle.

Dash Cluster

A dash cluster is located between the handlebars and is in plain view. It consists of a speedometer, an odometer, an ignition lamp, an ignition switch and an indicator repeater.  The number of instruments on each dash cluster varies with the model of the motorcycle. There are two types of dash clusters for motorcycles: analogue and digital.


A motorcycle does not have built-in storage but it can be added externally to bring things on long motorcycle trips. A top box, saddlebag, rack or tank bag can be strapped to the vehicle as a storage compartment.

Tank Fuel 

Tank fuel in a motorcycle plays the same role as in automobiles. It is located at the top of the motor, between the handlebars.


A seat is a crucial motorcycle part for going on a comfortable and long journey. Motorbike seats can be modified according to the requirements. ergonomics and motorcycle seat heights can be adjusted for the riders.


They provide traction, resist wear and absorb irregularities and bumps to ensure a smooth ride. Motorcycle tyres vary based on sizes, shapes, aspect ratio, load index and speed rating.

Off-road, street and dual sports are some of the commonly used tyres. They allow traction on off-roading trails and uneven grounds. This motorcycle part is attached to the rims. Rims are commonly found in two types: spoked and solid.


The handlebars control the movement and the steering of the motorcycle. They contain the following control components:

  • Start-up switch
  • Engine cut-off switch
  • Light controller
  • Brake control handle
  • Throttle

The handlebars can be modified according to the rider’s preferences. Aftermarkets and factory handlebars are available that provide different heights and reach.


Footpegs are one of the important motorcycle parts that provide a firm grip on the road and improve handling. They allow the rider to mount the motorcycle comfortably and plant their feet safe during the ride.

A footpeg has three main components: rear-brake pedals, a gear-shifting pedal and a kickstart pedal. Various types of footpegs provide different degrees of weight distribution and durability. They include passenger, highway, anti-vibration, engine guard and dual highway.

Cooling System

The cooling system of a motorcycle prevents the engine from overheating. It works in two ways: air-cooling and water-cooling. Rigs and fens mounted on the engine prevent the engine from overheating and are used in both types of cooling systems.


An exhaust channels out the mixture of gases from the vehicle

The purpose of an exhaust is to channel out the ignited mixture from the internal combustion chamber. An exhaust, paired with a muffler, is also important to reduce the noise of the motorcycle. It also maintains the performance of the engine.


A motorcycle has two pairs of brakes to stop the motion from going forward, a front and a rear. Disc and drum brakes are most commonly used in motorcycles to provide braking power.


Fenders are another addition in the list of motorcycle parts. A fender is a fibre or an alloy cover that is attached to the wheel. The purpose of motorcycle fenders is to provide support to the front fork and reduce air drag. The front fender reduces the opposing forces which help in windy and mountainous terrains. They also protect the other motorists from mud and dirt.

Lights and Indicators 

The signal lights on a motorcycle dashboard are colour-coded from green to red. The warning light includes an ignition light, oil pressure light, engine temperature light and ABS light. These lights indicate the working of different motorcycle components and illuminate in case of a malfunction.

The headlights control is located on the left handlebar. The intensity of the headlight can be switched between a full beam and a dipped beam.

This is all about different motorcycle parts and their functions. From the engine to the tyre, all the parts play a significant role in the proper functioning of a motorcycle. Therefore, when buying a used motorcycle in the UAE, make sure to inspect these main components for a safe and convenient ride experience.

Besides, if you have just bought a motorcycle and are unaware of its auto parts, here are some tips for choosing quality spare parts for your vehicle.

Stay tuned to UAE’s top auto blog for more information on motorcycles and their functionality.